Bulgarije: Musala

 (2925 m)







. Road Nr. 82 Sofia-Kostenec (70 km).




Musala is the highest peak of Rila
massif and of whole Bulgaria. The name derives from “Mus Allah”
(“the mountain of Allah”), being so named during the period when
Bulgaria was part of the Islamic Ottoman Empire. The old name of the mountain
is Tangra.

The first written document about the climbing of the peak chronicles the ascent
of Filip II, the father of Alexander the Great.



To climb the Musala peak is an
extraordinary mountain experience, enjoyment in devine beauty of impressive
massif of Mt Rila and it’s highest peaks as are Irecek (2852 m), Malka Musala (2902 m) and of course, Musala
(2925 m)
the highest peak of Mt Rila.

Summit view from Musala summit is very impressive. You can see all highest
peaks of large massif of Rila and highest peaks of Pirin
massif and Mt Rodopi. Also, few beautifully Rila Lakes can be

The average number of Musala’s visitors exceeds 50,000 people annually. The
area also boasts an Alpine meteorological observatory and an Ecological
observatory called “Musala”, which is placed on the summit of Musala
(2925 m).





View to Musala (2925 m). Meteo station
is visible on the top of Musala.





Musala (2925
m) from Ledenoto Ezero ( Ice Lake)








Borovets – Musala: Borovets – Bistrica village –
Velcevo Mostce – Musala hut – Ledenoto Ezero – Ledenoto Ezero hut – Musala (2925 m): 6-7h



2. Borovets-Deno-Irecek-Malka Musala-Musala: Borovets-Deno (2790 m)-Sfinksa-Irecek (2852 m)-Malka Musala (2902 m)-Musala (2925 m): 7-8h
You can gain the summit of Musala by its northern



The route is not marked and most of the
way, it is also untrodden, but the predominantly grassy terrain allows quite
comfortable hiking with gorgeous views.



The peaks on the northern Musala
ridge are connected by high cols, so you will not lose much elevation when
making your way from one summit to the other, but the whole route is long and
without a good path, so it can be exhausting for one, especially in a hot
summer. There is no water on the ridge. Tea can be bought at Musala.
scrambling sections do not require any
special gear.





At the Musala hut, follow the green
mark northwards, which leads to a saddle, dividing the unimportant little
massif of Groba (The Grave) from the last outpost of the Musala northern spur,
Mt. Deno (2790m). Here abandon the mark and head out for the summit of Deno. An
easy walk, combined with bumping over isolated boulders. When looking south
from the top of Deno, the nearby Ireček (2852m) and Mala Musala (2902m)
dominate the horizon. Plummit down to a high meadow (2650-2700m), pass a rock
formation called Sfinksa (Sphinx) and hike on a long crest to the summit of
Ireček. From Ireček onwards, get ready for a small deal of scrambling
between Ireček and Mala Musala and Mala Musala and Musala, the main summit
(2925m). The ridge is crumbled and is made up by a number of rock turrets. One
place is therefore even secured with two fix ropes, which had however gone
rusty and loose a long time ago – but generally, this route is not very
technically demanding (in spite of seeming as such at the first sight). The
Musala main peak can be climbed in 5 hours from the Musala hut. You can descend
to the Musala hut on the standard trail (2-3 hours)



If you are short on time, you can
also use the gondola lift Borovets – Jastrebec (2369 m) peak and so save
3 hours of walking/hiking. Then, from Jastrebec peak till Musala summit by





In Musala region exist 3 huts:

1. Hiza Musala (2430 m)
(food, drinks, overnight stay),
2. Ledenoto Ezero Hut (no food, soft drinks and beer, overnight stay),
3. Musala Hut, which is located right on the peak (no food, you can buy
water in plastic bottles).